Visit Website Later Greek writers and artists used and elaborated upon these sources in their own work.
Beliefs The first Piraeus Artemisprobably the cult image from a temple, 4th century BC While there were few concepts universal to all the Greek peoples, there were common beliefs shared by many. Theology Ancient Greek theology was polytheisticbased on the assumption that there were many gods and goddesses, as well as a range of lesser supernatural beings of various types.
There was a hierarchy of deities, with Zeusthe king of the gods, having a level of control over all the others, although he was not almighty.
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Some deities had dominion over certain aspects of nature. For instance, Zeus was the sky-god, sending thunder and lightning, Poseidon ruled over the sea and earthquakesHades projected his remarkable power throughout the realms of death and the Underworldand Helios controlled the sun.
Other deities ruled over abstract concepts; for instance Aphrodite controlled love. All significant deities were visualized as "human" in form, although often able to transform themselves into animals or natural phenomena.
They had to obey fateknown to Greek mythology as the Moirai which overrode any of their divine powers or wills. Aphrodite riding a swan: Attic white-ground red-figured kylixca. At times certain gods would be opposed to others, and they would try to outdo each other.
Some gods were specifically associated with a certain city.
But other gods were also worshipped in these cities. Other deities were associated with nations outside of Greece; Poseidon was associated with Ethiopia and Troyand Ares with Thrace.
Identity of names was not a guarantee of a similar cultus ; the Greeks themselves were well aware that the Artemis worshipped at Spartathe virgin huntress, was a very different deity from the Artemis who was a many-breasted fertility goddess at Ephesus.
Though the worship of the major deities spread from one locality to another, and though most larger cities boasted temples to several major gods, the identification of different gods with different places remained strong to the end.
Asclepiosgod of medicine. Asclepios was not one of the Twelve Olympians, but popular with doctors like Pausaniasand their patients. Greek Underworld The Greeks believed in an underworld where the spirits of the dead went after death.
Other well known realms are Tartarusa place of torment for the damned, and Elysiuma place of pleasures for the virtuous.
In the early Mycenean religion all the dead went to Hades, but the rise of mystery cults in the Archaic age led to the development of places such as Tartarus and Elysium. A few Greeks, like AchillesAlcmeneAmphiaraus GanymedeInoMelicertesMenelausPeleusand a great number of those who fought in the Trojan and Theban wars, were considered to have been physically immortalized and brought to live forever in either Elysium, the Islands of the Blessed, heaven, the ocean, or beneath the ground.
Such beliefs are found in the most ancient of Greek sources, such as Homer and Hesiod.In Greek mythology, the gods were presented as a large, multi-generational family, the oldest members of which created the world as we know it.
Each Greco-Roman divinity has his or her own specific appearance, genaeology, interests, personality, and area of expertise, subject to significant local variants.
Comparison of Greek Mythology and Christianity: Cultural Influences The role of religion of Greek Mythology is not like that. This role deals not with the afterlife, but rather with life on earth. The religion is also very public.
This is true in both the Greek and Christian belief. For the Greeks, a soul is not capable of crossing the. Ancient Greek VS. Ancient Roman Religious Beliefs Ancient Greek Religion The most important thing in life is to believe in the gods and perform the proper sacrifices and rituals The major gods and goddesses: Zeus, Poseidon, Hades, Apollo, Artemis, Aphrodite, Ares, Dionysus, Hephaestus, Athena, Hermes, Demeter, Hestia and Hera; Which are a big .
Both ancient Roman and Greek civilizations took their religion very seriously and built temples and shrines showing their appreciation to the gods. Religion was a very important aspect of Greek society and culture.
In conclusion, by comparing Greek and Roman gods, you can see both similarities and differences between gods of the two ancient societies. Greek and Roman religions are similar, because the Roman mythology was founded based on the Greek.
Religions of both ancient societies are polytheistic religions. Ancient Greek religion encompasses the collection of beliefs, rituals, and mythology originating in ancient Greece in the form of both popular public religion and cult practices. These groups varied enough for it to be possible to speak of Greek religions or "cults" in the plural, though most of them shared similarities.