It's a wonderfully haunting song, of course: But quite aside from the theory that the lyrics are really a parable about heroin use, what they describe is, in Nasa terms, a catastrophe: Asked what he'd do if the lunar module malfunctioned in a similar way, Neil Armstrong was cagey: Forty years on, it's easy to forget the apprehensions and superstitions of that time:
AS, annotations by unknown party Figure 1, Note B: The shadow on the surface indicates that the sun is behind Aldrin and to his left. Armstrong says that Aldrin was standing in a shallow crater, and so we should interpret ground shadow information accordingly. Fortunately the color enhancement reveals a distinct golden tint.
This is done to reduce the amount of heat the various parts of the spacecraft absorb. Reflecting that much light means that the lunar module is very bright indeed, quite sufficient to cast a shadow, as well as provide the golden-tinted light seen to fall on the suit.
The Apollo 11 photography provides other examples of this light spill from the lunar module. Figure 1, Note C: The lighting level fades from bright foreground to a dim background. On earth this is caused by the atmosphere, but on the moon where there is no atmosphere you should be able to see clearly all the way to the horizon.
It is true that atmospheric haze interferes with the transmission of light and often makes distant details hard to make out. But air and haze do this by scattering the light, especially sunlight. The result is to make distant objects appear brighter, not darker.
That is why distant mountains and features are lighter in color. The horizon here is darker. Mountains a are 15 miles away; mountains b are 40 miles away, and mountains c are 25 miles away.
Notice how the most distant mountains are the lightest in apparent color. The darkness at the horizon has a different explanation see below that has nothing to do with the presence or absence of atmosphere.
The "falloff" around Aldrin -- especially at the horizon -- and the pool of light directly behind Aldrin prove that he is standing in the beam of a spotlight.
If this were real sunlight, the lunar surface should be evenly lit. AS The effect is seen too in Fig.
The conspiracists are no doubt thinking of the difference between natural sunlight and artificial light. Consider a flat, level surface such as a parking lot. Without obstructions, each parking space is equally illuminated by the sun. The sun is no brighter at one end of the parking lot than it is at the other.
Now consider the same parking lot at night, lit by its overhead street lamps. Those spaces nearest the lamps will be brighter than the ones farther away. Light intensity is governed by an inverse square law, meaning the intensity decreases according to the square of the increase in distance away from the light -- if you double the distance, the light is only one-fourth as bright.
For nearby lights such as street lamps, this is significant. For faraway lights like the sun, the difference in distance across a parking lot is inconsequential compared to the distance between the sun and the entire parking lot. But the inverse square law is not the only law at work in these pictures.
And the amount of light arriving per unit area does not universally determine the brightness of any particular spot in a photograph of that area. AS The amount of light a surface receives from the sun depends on the angle at which it receives it.Did we land on the moon? Honourable judges, teachers, and fellow students.
When I asked you that question I ll bet 95% of you said to yourselves What s he talking about? Of course we landed on the moon. Doesn t he remember Neil Armstrong in ?Maybe there is some information that NASA an.
Broaching subjects as wide as satire, metaphysics, film analysis, theology, geopolitics, literature and history, as well as interviewing numerous prominent figures, Jay is academically published in peer review and has authored hundreds of articles already read by millions in just the past few years.
I also think it would be kind of cool if you used some of the quotes from the actual moon landing in your introduction.
Personally I like to place my thesis statement at . Stanley Kubrick's daughter debunks moon landing conspiracy theory 'How can anyone believe that one of the greatest defenders of mankind would commit such an act of betrayal?' Jacob Stolworthy. The Apollo programme itself had ended.
When Armstrong landed on the moon, no one could have known that the last man to walk on the moon – fellow astronaut Eugene Cernan – would follow him just three years later in No one has been back since.
At the time it had seemed the beginning of a remarkable new journey. But it was not. Topographic modeling and analysis of the Sinus Iridum landing area Sinus Iridum (Latin for “Bay of Rainbows”) is a plain on the Moon that forms a northwestern extension of the Mare Imbrium.
The scientific group of China's Lunar Exploration Project chose this plain as the landing area for Chang'E-3 after a global comparison study based on the .