Death Penalty Position Paper Introduction:
He was also probably under an understandable impression that his prediction would be proven right someday with statistics and data, much like modern supporters who may be aware that there are no real statistics that prove the death penalty is a deterrent to violent crime yet hope there someday will be.
Especially if we murder enough murderers and give it a chance. Unfortunately, the argument of deterrence is a rather weak on now that we have statistics and data and a more sober perspective of the issue with thousands of years of its use. But yet, those in favor of the death penalty still attempt to use statistics and data to their advantage despite most data not being in favor of their argument.
Some use basic information, such as that The relevancy of this is close to none in regards to deterrence. Statistics cited in favor of the death penalty are often dubious by including only murder rates per capita and the number of executions in some lengthy period of time.
Two problems exist with this information. It is neither conclusive nor factors in other circumstances such as regional disparities, ethnicity of the violators and the executed, and what other factors such as law enforcement efforts had been implemented in that time that may have prevented violent crime.
Another reason that there is no general consensus on whether or not the death penalty is a deterrent is that it is used very rarely — only about one out of every murders actually results in an execution.
The unfortunate part for many of the statistics is that few statistics with such trends exist, and of the few that do, no correlation is explained, only assumed. A majority of the statistics regarding deterrence via the death penalty are in favor of the opposite.
Canada abolished the death penalty in ; contrary to some predictions by capital punishment supporters, the homicide rate in Canada did not increase after abolition.
On the contrary, the Canadian murder rate declined slightly the following year from 2. It reached a year low in 1. Inthe homicide rate dipped below 1.
In a state-by-state analysis in the US of the last 20 years, the homicide rate in states with the death penalty has been 48 percent to percent higher than in states without the death penalty. On a state-to-state comparison, states without the death penalty have lower homicide rates.
Admittedly, these statistics are also subject to heavy scrutiny on the basis of being circumstantial and narrow. Because of the complexity of causality in crime and the legal system, statistics are not convincing in and of themselves.
The problem with deterrence is that few offenders commit a crime anticipating that they will be apprehended, even with some degree of premeditation. It should also be stressed that once a heinous crime has been committed, there are probably few if any deterrents to further crimes to avoid arrest and trial, especially if there is the prospect of the death penalty being applied to the initial criminal act.
This is laughable, but only because Sharp is apparently sincere about this statement. By this reasoning, the death penalty must be used to keep our prisons safe and kill those who kill in prison, rather than weighing our approaches at making prisons safer.
There is no current information that would support this argument in its entirety. The killed inmate probably deserved to be executed anyways. But what if the death penalty was a deterrent to violent crime?
This would change absolutely nothing. This point does not satisfy the argument that the death penalty is necessary.
While deterrence is great, the death penalty still is not. Even if we were to throw aside all other moral questions regarding the death penalty and focus solely on this point for reasoning that the death penalty is a good idea, we still could not find it satisfying because punishments are not made only because they are intended to deter future crimes.
There is a strong argument with plenty of evidence that punishment in general is a great deterrent to crime regardless of how harsh or inhumane it is. Secondly, we are brought to a thorough consideration of the penal and judicial systems, their purpose, and the death penalty being applied therein.
The first thing to recall beforehand is the existence of a social contract as elaborated by philosophers Thomas Hobbes and John Locke. The basic notion of the social contract implies that the people give up some rights to a government or other authority in order to receive or maintain social order.
Since civil rights come from agreeing to the contract by both parties, those who choose to violate their contractual obligations, such as by committing crimes, abdicate their rights, and the rest of society can be expected to protect itself against the actions of criminals.
To be a member of society is to accept responsibility for following its rules, along with the threat of punishment for violating them. In other words, when a crime is committed by an individual, particularly within a democracy, the social contract between the state and the population in this case just the violator has been violated.Executions have been carried in the 34 states with the death penalty, with more than 80% taking place in the south.
Texas and Virginia being the two top death penalty states with a shared number of people executed.
The death penalty is a controversial issue that has been debated for years. Institution: Instructor: Argumentative Essay on Prison Overcrowding in the United States When people engage in any kind of wrong doing in the society, there is a penalty that they have to pay.
Opponents state that if the death penalty was a deterrent then states that have the death penalty would have a reduced homicide rate. Delaware, which executes more murderers per capita than any other state in the U.S.A., also has low homicide rates.
Capital punishment in the Philippines has a varied history and is currently suspended as of Capital punishment was legal after independence and increased in use under the Ferdinand Marcos regime.
After the fall of Marcos, there was a moratorium on capital punishment from to , followed by a resumption in executions from to , and followed - in turn - by a law ending the.
The tools you need to write a quality essay or term paper; Saved Essays. You Have Not Saved Any Essays. Topics in this paper Essays Related to Sociology (death penalty) 1.
According to the National Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty, the United States is one of only a handful of countries in the world that will sentence minors to.
“IMPROVING” THE MODERN DEATH PENALTY servations for the future of the death penalty in the United States. It American Bar Association, Death Penalty Moratorium Implementation Project, State Death Penalty Assessments: Key Findings (Sept.