The Chinese have occupied their vast territory for thousands of years and China has numerous achievements in a variety of disciplines. The country has produced many great thinkers and philosophers, and numerous artists and inventors from China have introduced creations that have changed perhaps billions of lives. Some of these creations include the compass, gunpowder, paper, printing, porcelain, and silk.
Some elements of the Great Wall of China, built hundreds of years ago, still exist and attract millions of tourists. The question concerning the reasons for the creation such a huge construction still remains unanswered. Nowadays, it is only possible to suggest different theories and presuppositions concerning the creation of the Great Wall, but it is very difficult to give a definite answer to the question of the reasons for its creation.
However, specialists Waldron and Barfield agree that the construction of the Great wall of china research paper Wall of China was particularly intensive during the Ming dynasty and they emphasize that the Wall did not really had its strategic defensive significance but they rather indicate to the foreign relationships of China and Mongols as one of the major factor that defined the policy of the Ming court at the epoch.
But the positions of Waldron and Barfield, in spite of seeming similarities, differ consistently since Thomas Barfield rather gives us a model for the long-term trends, history is actually made in real time, by specific persons with specific arguments. He argues that the Great Wall of China was consistently improved and enlarged at the epoch of the rule of Ming dynasty Waldron, that proves that it was not a historical trend but rather the result of the current policy of Ming Dynasty.
The author underlines that the part of the Great Wall of China, which was constructed prior to Ming dynasty, could hardly be viewed as a serious protection from the potential military threat from the North.
The parts of the Wall constructed by the predecessors of Ming dynasty create poor fortifications that could not be effective in the protection of China against attack of Mongols1 Waldron,though it created certain obstacles on the way Great wall of china research paper Mongols to rapid occupation of a large part of Chinese territory.
Arthur Waldron argues that Ming dynasty attempted to improve the existing fortification and introduced sophisticated watchtowers but, as the further history shown, even these fortifications and measures undertaken by Ming dynasty in regard to the strengthening the defensive power of the Great Wall of China were not very effective because the Wall did not stop Mongolian attacks and they broke through the fortification attacking China.
Consequently, the author attempts to find logical explanation of basic reasons for the construction of such great fortifications which needed enormous funding and great human resources to be involved in building of the Wall.
Arthur Waldron believes that Ming dynasty focused on the short-run or current problems which the building of the Great Wall could solve.
The author argues that the construction of the Great Wall of China contributed to the consolidation of the nation and its unification2 Waldron, He states that such a project as the construction of the Wall naturally contributed to the unification of the nation because of the involvement of the overwhelming majority of Chinese population in the process of construction.
The author argues that the unification of Chinese people should be viewed in two dimensions physical and cultural.
Arthur Waldron emphasizes that the common labor made Chinese people not only cooperative but also physically united because they could feel the mutual support as they did the common work. The building of the Great Wall of China was that common work that made people participate in one and the same activity and, therefore, it was a successful managerial strategy used by Ming dynasty because this common work made Chinese feel that they were a kind of a team and the Wall was their ultimate goal, the symbol of their power and unity.
However, the unification of Chinese people was not only physical but also cultural. The efforts of Chinese people and huge funds invested into the building of the Wall demonstrated the power of Chinese people, their high level of development, and their superiority compared to their Northern neighbors, Mongols, which were apparently unable to construct such a monumental architectural work and fortification as Chinese people did.
Such a policy of Ming dynasty seems to be strange, taking into consideration the fact that the Wall could not fully protect China from attacks of Mongols. Instead, the Wall and its watchtowers could just inform them about the approaching enemy and make essential preparations.
Arthur Waldron argues that the defensive function was not prior in the construction of the Wall, but it was rather the effort of Ming court to maintain control over the population of China. The unifying effect of the building of the Wall was much more important to Ming dynasty than the Wall, as a defensive barrier.
Waldron believes that Ming dynasty at the epoch was weak in its foreign as well as domestic policy being unable to oppose to Mongols attacks and unify the nation using other means but the wall-building.
Consequently, the construction of the Wall was the only response of the dynasty to the major challenges of the epoch, including the problem of the growing internal disparity of Chinese people and separatist trends developed by the opponents of Ming dynasty, which negative effects could be minimized through the involvement of Chinese people in the common work that united them.
In relations with Mongols, Ming dynasty could not defeat its Northern neighbors and, therefore, Ming dynasty decided to construct the Wall to separate China from Mongols. He argues that the relationships between the two peoples were characterized by the high tension and numerous conflicts since Mongols represented a permanent threat to China.
Thomas Barfield underlines that the construction of the Great Wall of China emerged at the epoch of Ming dynasty rule and his position is similar to the position of Arthur Waldron.
The difference in the position of these researches may be found in their approach to the construction of the Great Wall of China in historical terms.
Unlike Arthur Waldron, who insists that the Great Wall of China was just a part of the current policy of Ming dynasty was rather a proof of its inability to develop normal relations with Mongols as well as it was a proof of serious internal problems, which Ming could not fully control.
Thomas Barfield believes that the construction of the Great Wall of China was a long-run historical process. He argues that the policy of Ming dynasty and its decision to enforce the existing fortifications on the North was the logical continuation of the policy of previous rulers of China4 In contrast, Arthur Waldron stands on the ground that the traditional view on the significance of the Wall prior to Ming dynasty are extremely exaggerated.
He concludes that the Wall was insignificant in the past and it was only the desire of Ming dynasty to separate China physically and culturally from Mongols that stimulated the construction of the Great China Wall as a huge fortification, which, though, could not fully protect the country from Mongols attacks.
Thomas Barfield believes that Ming dynasty continued the strategy of previous rulers of China and attempted to create a serious barrier which could be, at least, a symbol of separation or difference between China and Mongols.
He argues that Ming dynasty viewed the construction of the Wall as one of its major objectives because of the great historical significance of the Great Wall of China. Basic reasons for building the Great Wall of China In spite of existing differences in the views of Barfield and Waldron, their views on the major motives of Ming dynasty leading to the construction of the Great Wall of China can be very helpful in understanding the actual reasons for its construction.
The defensive function of the Great Wall of China is undeniable, even though the Wall was not very effective and could not totally prevent Mongols attacks and military expansion, but it played a very important preventive role because after the improvements made by Ming dynasty, the Great Wall of China could be used for the faster spread of information about the attacks and movement of Mongolian armies.The Impact of the Great Wall of China Essay - How did the Great Wall of China impact the Chinese, and the rest of the world.
“The Long Fortress,” also known as the Great Wall of China, has a very interesting background.
In building the Great Wall of China, China had to undergo many new and different changes. The Great Wall of China China is the largest country in Asia and the world’s most populous nation.
It also has one of the world’s oldest and continuous civilizations. The Great Wall of China is one of the greatest architectural achievements ever recorded in history. The Great Wall translates to “long fortress.” The wall was made entirely by hand.
It was built to protect the Chinese from intruders from different Nomadic Tribes. The wall is about 5, miles long. Research paper example essay prompt: Great Wall Of China - words NOTE: The samle research paper or essay prompt you see on this page is a free essay, available to anyone. You can use any paper as a sample on how to write research paper, essay prompts or as a source of information.
- The Great Wall of China The Great Wall of China is truly one of the greatest architectural achievements in recorded history. The longest structure ever built, it is about 6, kilometers (4, miles) long and made entirely by hand. This wall is said to be visible from the moon.
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