The World at War: Many of the young soldiers mobilized into the Japanese army by the early s came from the rural areas, where the effects of the depression were devastating and poverty was widespread. Their commitment to the military effort to expand Japanese territory to achieve economic security can be understood partly in these terms.
History Taisho and early Showa Period - During the era of the weak Emperor Taishothe political power shifted from the oligarchic clique genro to the parliament and the democratic parties. At the following Paris Peace Conference ofJapan's proposal of amending a "racial equality clause" to the covenant of the League of Nations was rejected by the United States, Britain and Australia.
Arrogance and racial discrimination towards the Japanese had plagued Japanese-Western relations since the forced opening of the country in the s, and were again a major factor for the deterioration of relations in the decades preceeding World War 2.
After WW1, Japan's economical situation worsened. The Great Kanto Earthquake of and the world wide depression of intensified the crisis.
During the s, the military established almost complete control over the government. Many political enemies were assassinated, and communists persecuted. Indoctrination and censorship in education and media were further intensified. Navy and army officers soon occupied most of the important offices, including the one of the prime minister.
Already earlier, Japan followed the example of Western nations and forced China into unequal economical and political treaties.
Furthermore, Japan's influence over Manchuria had been steadily growing since the end of the Russo-Japanese war of When the Chinese Nationalists began to seriously challenge Japan's position in Manchuria inthe Kwantung Army Japanese armed forces in Manchuria occupied Manchuria.
In the following year, "Manchukuo" was declared an independent state, controlled by the Kwantung Army through a puppet government. In the same year, the Japanese air force bombarded Shanghai in order to protect Japanese residents from anti Japanese movements.
InJapan withdrew from the League of Nations since she was heavily criticized for her actions in China. In Julythe second Sino-Japanese War broke out. A small incident was soon made into a full scale war by the Kwantung army which acted rather independently from a more moderate government.
The Japanese forces succeeded in occupying almost the whole coast of China and committed severe war atrocities on the Chinese population, especially during the fall of the capital Nanking. However, the Chinese government never surrendered completely, and the war continued on a lower scale until These actions intensified Japan's conflict with the United States and Great Britain which reacted with an oil boycott.
The resulting oil shortage and failures to solve the conflict diplomatically made Japan decide to capture the oil rich Dutch East Indies Indonesia and to start a war with the US and Great Britain.
Japan was able to expand her control over a large territory that expanded to the border of India in the West and New Guinea in the South within the following six months.
The turning point in the Pacific War was the battle of Midway in June From then on, the Allied forces slowly won back the territories occupied by Japan. Inintensive air raids started over Japan. In springUS forces invaded Okinawa in one of the war's bloodiest battles.
On July 27,the Allied powers requested Japan in the Potsdam Declaration to surrender unconditionally, or destruction would continue.
However, the military did not consider surrendering under such terms, partially even after US military forces dropped two atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and 9, and the Soviet Union entered the war against Japan on August 8.
On August 14, however, Emperor Showa finally decided to surrender unconditionally.As we all know, at last U.S.A drop two nuclear bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in Japan which made the Japan surrender and ultimately it leads to the end of that deadly conflict, so called world war 2.
Japan participated in World War I from to in an alliance with Entente Powers and played an important role in securing the sea lanes in the West Pacific and Indian Oceans against the Imperial German Navy as the member of the Allies.
Jun 27, · So to shorten a very long answer to a simple question: Japan's role in WWII was to pick a fight it had no possibility to win, to dash its hope of Empire, and help secure the United States as a dominant world timberdesignmag.com: Resolved.
Japan and the United States at War: Pearl Harbor, August Today Japan and the United States are close allies. But between and , they fought a bitter and bloody war, which many people remember well today.
Jan 07, · Watch video · During World War II (), Japan attacked nearly all of its Asian neighbors, allied itself with Nazi Germany and launched a surprise assault on .
Leading up to the War Japan wanted to become a strong country and a world leader. However, because Japan was a small island country, they had to import many natural resources.