He is referring to one moment in time but it is during different times of the day for various people. He knew all about the spherical nature of the earth because He is the One who created it. I remember being taught in school that people used to believe the earth was flat.
Columbus was the eldest son of Domenico Colombo, a Genoese wool worker and small-time merchant, and Susanna Fontanarossa, his wife.
He is widely thought to have been the first European to sail across the The flat earth myth of christopher columbus Ocean and make landfall on the American continent.
On the first and second voyages Aug. On the fourth May 9, Nov. Although at first full of hope and ambition, an ambition partly gratified by his title "Admiral of the Ocean Sea ," awarded to him in Apriland by the grants enrolled in the Book of Privileges a record of his titles and claimsColumbus died a disappointed man.
He was removed from the governorship of Hispaniola inhis chief patron, Queen Isabella, died inand his efforts to recover his governorship of the "Indies " from King Ferdinand were, in the end, unavailing. Inhowever, the bones of Columbus were taken from Spain to the Cathedral of Santo Domingo in Hispaniola now the Dominican Republicwhere they may still lie.
A huge number of books about Columbus have appeared in the s, and the insights of archaeologists and anthropologists now complement those of sailors and historians. This effort has given rise, as might be expected, to considerable debate. The past few years have also seen a major shift in approach and interpretation; the older pro-European and imperialist understanding has given way to one shaped from the perspective of the inhabitants of the Americas themselves.
According to the older understanding, the discovery of the Americas was a great triumph, one in which Columbus played the part of hero in accomplishing the four voyages, in being the means of bringing great material profit to Spain and to other European countries, and in opening up the Americas to European settlement.
The second perspective, however, has concentrated on the destructive side of the European intrusions, emphasizing, for example, the disastrous impact of the slave trade and the ravages of imported disease on the native peoples of the Caribbean and the American continents. The sense of triumph has diminished accordingly, and the view of Columbus as hero has now been replaced, for many, by one of a man deeply flawed.
The further interventions of political activists of all kinds have hardly fostered the reconciliation of these so disparate views. In an attempt at a balanced account attention will therefore first of all be restored to the nature and quantity of the surviving written and material sources about Columbus.
All informed scholarly comment must depend primarily upon these. Finally, the focus will briefly return to the debate, in the full recognition that it is far from ended. Major written sources The majority of the surviving primary sources for Columbus were written to be read by other people.
There is, then, an element of manipulation about them. This fact needs to be borne fully in mind for their proper understanding. Foremost among these sources are the journals written by Columbus himself for his sovereigns--one for the first voyage, now lost but able partly to be reconstructed; one for the second, almost wholly gone; and one for the third, again accessible through reconstructions made by using later quotations, like the first.
Each of the journals may be supplemented by letters and reports to and from the sovereigns and their trusted officials and friends, provisioning decrees from the sovereigns, and, in the case of the second voyage, letters and reports of letters from fellow voyagers especially Michele da Cuneo, Diego Alvarez Chanca, and Guillermo Coma.
The recent discovery of a 16th-century copybook containing five narrative letters and two personal ones from Columbus, all previously unknown, as well as additional copies of two known ones, may allow one to believe that more may yet be found.
Some of these were extensively annotated, often by the admiral and sometimes by his brother Bartholomew. So do the contents of certain other books known to have been in his possession, such as the Guide to Geography of the Greek astronomer and geographer Ptolemy, the Catholicon of the 15th-century encyclopedist John of Genoa, and a popular handbook to confession, the midth-century Confessionale produced by the Dominican St.
The whole shows that the admiral was adept in Latin, Castilian, and Italian, if not expert in all three. He annotated primarily in Latin and Spanish, very rarely in Italian. He had probably already read and annotated at least the first three named texts before he set out on his first voyage to the "Indies.
He was plainly a deeply religious and reflective man as well as a distinguished seaman, and, being largely self-taught, had a reverence for learning, especially, perhaps, the learning of his most influential Spanish supporters.
The Book of Prophecies, a collection of prophetic passages and pronouncements, taken largely from the Bible and seeming to bear upon his western voyages, which seems largely to have been put together between September and March with additions until c.
The techniques of skeletal paleopathology and paleodemography are being applied with some success to determine the fates of the native populations. His career as a seaman began effectively in the Portuguese marine. After surviving a shipwreck off Cape St.
Vincent at the southwestern point of Portugal inhe based himself in Lisbontogether with his brother Bartholomew. Both were employed as chartmakers, but Columbus was principally a seagoing entrepreneur.
In he sailed to Iceland and Ireland with the marine, and in he was buying sugar in Madeira as an agent for the Genoese firm of Centurioni.
In he met and married Felipa Perestrello e Moniz, a member of an impoverished noble Portuguese family. Their son, Diego, was born in His search for support for an Atlantic crossing in both Portugal and Spain has encouraged conspiracy theorists to suspect a secret pact with King John II of Portugalbut there is no evidence of this.
After at least two rejections, he at last obtained royal support in January The Myth of the Flat Earth Introduction. e all know that Christopher Columbus encountered stiff resistance when he aired his idea of sailing off West across the Atlantic Ocean to try and reach the East Indies.
Five myths about Christopher Columbus Christopher Columbus wasn't Italian? Kris Lane, professor of colonial Latin American history at Tulane University, busts five myths about the explorer.
So I followed the link to the article. The article is attributed to one Marie Iannotti.
If you follow the link to her bio you are presented with this “Marie is the former owner of Yore Vegetables, an heirloom seedling nursery. Each October, Christopher Columbus is hammered for his voyages of exploitation of native peoples, and Christians are ridiculed for once opposing the forward thinking Columbus and his rejection of the flat earth mythology held by the medieval church.
For generations now American school children have learned that Christopher Columbus proved the earth was round. They have learned that the Church tried to prevent Columbus from sailing west to Asia, fearing that he and his seamen would sail off the edge of the earth or plunge into a chasm.
Main Columbus Page. Columbus' Journal. Letter To The Queen. List Of Persons Who Sailed With Columbus. Care to express an opinion on a current or past historical event?