His great-grandfather, John Washingtonimmigrated to Virginia in ; was a tobacco planter, who accumulated land and slaves, as did his son Lawrence and his grandson Augustine.
As witnessed by the many biographical accounts of Addams compared to the relatively few comprehensive considerations of her philosophy, her personal exploits often overshadow her intellectual contributions. Nevertheless, as an American pragmatist, Addams valorized experience making it appropriate to recount, at least briefly, her life story.
Her childhood reflected the material advantage of being the daughter of a politician and successful mill owner, John Addams. When Jane was two years old, her mother, Mary, died giving birth to her ninth child.
Subsequently, the precocious Addams doted upon her father and in return benefited emotionally and intellectually from his attention. Addams became part of a generation of women that were among the first in their family to attend college.
At Rockford, she experienced the empowerment of living in a women-centered environment and she blossomed as an intellectual and as a social leader. Her classmates and teachers acknowledged this leadership. Ultimately, Addams spearheaded an effort to bring baccalaureate degrees to the school, and, after serving as class valedictorian, received the first one.
She made a failed attempt at medical school and then slipped into a nearly decade-long malaise over the direction of her life. The energy and spirit of her undergraduate college experience did not translate into any clear career path, given that she had rejected both marriage and the religious life.
As a member of the privileged class, her soul searching included a trek to Europe, which Addams made twice during this period. On the second trip she visited Toynbee Hall, a pioneering Christian settlement house in London, which was to inspire her in a direction that propelled her toward international prominence TYH Toynbee Hall was a community of young men committed to helping the poor of London by living among them.
After visiting Toynbee Hall, Addams was rejuvenated by the idea of a scheme to replicate the settlement in the United States. She enlisted a college friend, Ellen Gates Starr in the plan. There was very little by way of specific directions for what the settlement would be other than a good neighbor to oppressed peoples.
A suitable location in a devastatingly poor Chicago immigrant neighborhood was found and on September 18,Hull House opened its doors. Working amidst one of the greatest influxes of immigrants the United States has ever known, Hull House quickly became an incubator for new social programs.
Without any formal ideological or political constraints, the settlement workers responded to the needs of the neighborhood by starting project after project. The list of projects started at Hull House is astounding, including the first little theatre and juvenile court in the United States and the first playground, gymnasium, public swimming pool and public kitchen in Chicago.
The work of Hull House residents would result in numerous labor union organizations, a labor museum, tenement codes, factory laws, child labor laws, adult education courses, cultural exchange groups, and the collection of neighborhood demographic data.
Hull House was truly a dynamo of progressive initiatives, all of which Addams oversaw. The reputation of the settlement rapidly grew and women, mostly college educated, from all over the country, came to live and work at Hull House.
Although Hull House was co-educational, it was clearly a woman-identified space.
Furthermore, although a few of the residents were married, most were single and some were in committed relationships with other women. Given the drastic shifts in sexual mores in the twentienth century, the contemporary understanding of what it means to be lesbian cannot straightforwardly be mapped onto the late and post Victorian eras, but it can be argued that Hull House was lesbian-friendly space.
Addams set the tone for this identification with her own long-term intimate relationships with women, first with Starr and then Mary Rozet Smith Brown, From the outset of its operation, Addams theorized about the nature and function of Hull House.
The language she used reflected her philosophical approach. For example, in one published essay, Addams describes the application and reorganization of knowledge as the fundamental problem of modern life and then claims that settlements are like applied universities: Because of her insightful reflections on the Hull House community, Addams became a popular author and sought-after public speaker.
Eventually, she extended her cosmopolitan analysis to issues of race, education, and world peace. For Addams, local experiences were always a springboard for political theorizing.
Addams became one of the most respected and recognized individuals in the nation.Jane Addams co-founded one of the first settlements in the United States, the Hull House in Chicago, Illinois, and was named a co-winner of the Nobel Peace Prize.
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Jane Addams co-founded one of the first settlements in the United States, the Hull House in Chicago, Illinois, and was named a co-winner of the Nobel Peace Prize. Jane Addams - First American woman to be awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. In acknowledgment of her many achievements working as a humanitarian, Jane Addams was the first American woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize.
The Hull House Jane Addams' most famous achievement was co-founding the Hull House-a settlement home- in the poorest sector of Chicago. Jane Addams. co-founded one of the first settlements in the United States, the Hull House in Chicago, Illinois, and was named a co-winner of the Nobel Peace Prize.
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Map of North America highlighting the shallow inland seaways present during the mid-Cretaceous period. By William A. Cobban and Kevin C. McKinney, United States Geological Survey.