It has to be acknowledged, though, that the word limit that some journals put on abstracts means that it is not possible to answer all five of the above questions in your abstract, but in such cases key findings should not be something that gets sacrificed.
List page numbers of all figures.
The list should include a short title for each figure but not the whole caption. List of Tables List page numbers of all tables. The list should include a short title for each table but not the whole caption. Consider writing the introductory section s after you have completed the rest of the paper, rather than before.
Be sure to include a hook at the beginning of the introduction. You should draw the reader in and make them want to read the rest of the paper. The next paragraphs in the introduction should cite previous research in this area. It should cite those who had the idea or ideas first, and should also cite those who have done the most recent and relevant work.
You should then go on to explain why more work was necessary your work, of course. What else belongs in the introductory section s of your paper? A statement of the goal of the paper: Do not repeat the abstract.
Sufficient background information to allow the reader to understand the context and significance of the question you are trying to address. Proper acknowledgement of the previous work on which you are building. Sufficient references such that a reader could, by going to the library, achieve a sophisticated understanding of the context and significance of the question.
The introduction should be focused on the thesis question s. All cited work should be directly relevent to the goals of the thesis. This is not a place to summarize everything you have ever read on a subject.
Explain the scope of your work, what will and will not be included.
A verbal "road map" or verbal "table of contents" guiding the reader to what lies ahead. Is it obvious where introductory material "old stuff" ends and your contribution "new stuff" begins?
Remember that this is not a review paper. Break up the introduction section into logical segments by using subheads. Methods What belongs in the "methods" section of a scientific paper?
Information to allow the reader to assess the believability of your results. Information needed by another researcher to replicate your experiment. Description of your materials, procedure, theory. Calculations, technique, procedure, equipment, and calibration plots. Limitations, assumptions, and range of validity.The discussion section should be a brief essay in itself, answering the following questions and caveats: What are the major patterns in the observations?
Your thesis should be clearly written and in the format described below. Planning Ahead for Your Thesis If at all possible, start your thesis research during the summer between your .
Dissertation findings and discussion sections Depending on your preference for writing, the findings and discussion sections can be the most rewarding sections of your total dissertation. By this point, you actually get to write about what you have done, rather than what others have said about your subject area.
When writing a dissertation or thesis, the results and discussion sections can be both the most interesting as well as the most challenging sections to write. The discussion section therefore needs to review your findings in the context of the literature and the existing knowledge about the subject.
“Perceptions of the Difficulties of Postgraduate L2 Thesis Students Writing the Discussion Section.” Journal of English for Academic Purposes 5 (January ): ; Kretchmer, Paul. Fourteen Steps to Writing an Effective Discussion Section.
The Difficulties of Writing a Discussion Section. In an ideal world, you could simply reject your null or alternative hypotheses according to the significance levels found by the statistics.. That is the main point of your discussion section, but the process is usually a lot more complex than that.
Explaining the meaning of the results to the reader is the purpose of the discussion section of a research paper.
There are elements of the discussion that should be included and other things that should be avoided. Always write the discussion for the reader; remember that the focus should be to help the How to Write an Effective Discussion.